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Version: 0.13.1

Username & Password

Wasp supports username & password authentication out of the box with login and signup flows. It provides you with the server-side implementation and the UI components for the client-side.

Setting Up Username & Password Authentication

To set up username authentication we need to:

  1. Enable username authentication in the Wasp file
  2. Add the User entity
  3. Add the auth routes and pages
  4. Use Auth UI components in our pages

Structure of the main.wasp file we will end up with:

main.wasp
// Configuring e-mail authentication
app myApp {
auth: { ... }
}
// Defining User entity
entity User { ... }
// Defining routes and pages
route SignupRoute { ... }
page SignupPage { ... }
// ...

1. Enable Username Authentication

Let's start with adding the following to our main.wasp file:

main.wasp
app myApp {
wasp: {
version: "^0.13.0"
},
title: "My App",
auth: {
// 1. Specify the user entity (we'll define it next)
userEntity: User,
methods: {
// 2. Enable username authentication
usernameAndPassword: {},
},
onAuthFailedRedirectTo: "/login"
}
}

Read more about the usernameAndPassword auth method options here.

2. Add the User Entity

The User entity can be as simple as including only the id field:

main.wasp
// 3. Define the user entity
entity User {=psl
id Int @id @default(autoincrement())
// Add your own fields below
// ...
psl=}

You can read more about how the User entity is connected to the rest of the auth system in the Auth Entities section of the docs.

3. Add the Routes and Pages

Next, we need to define the routes and pages for the authentication pages.

Add the following to the main.wasp file:

main.wasp
// ...
// 4. Define the routes
route LoginRoute { path: "/login", to: LoginPage }
page LoginPage {
component: import { Login } from "@src/pages/auth.jsx"
}
route SignupRoute { path: "/signup", to: SignupPage }
page SignupPage {
component: import { Signup } from "@src/pages/auth.jsx"
}

We'll define the React components for these pages in the src/pages/auth.tsx file below.

4. Create the Client Pages

info

We are using Tailwind CSS to style the pages. Read more about how to add it here.

Let's create a auth.tsx file in the src/pages folder and add the following to it:

src/pages/auth.jsx
import { LoginForm, SignupForm } from 'wasp/client/auth'
import { Link } from 'react-router-dom'

export function Login() {
return (
<Layout>
<LoginForm />
<br />
<span className="text-sm font-medium text-gray-900">
Don't have an account yet? <Link to="/signup">go to signup</Link>.
</span>
</Layout>
);
}

export function Signup() {
return (
<Layout>
<SignupForm />
<br />
<span className="text-sm font-medium text-gray-900">
I already have an account (<Link to="/login">go to login</Link>).
</span>
</Layout>
);
}

// A layout component to center the content
export function Layout({ children }) {
return (
<div className="w-full h-full bg-white">
<div className="min-w-full min-h-[75vh] flex items-center justify-center">
<div className="w-full h-full max-w-sm p-5 bg-white">
<div>{children}</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
);
}

We imported the generated Auth UI components and used them in our pages. Read more about the Auth UI components here.

Conclusion

That's it! We have set up username authentication in our app. 🎉

Running wasp db migrate-dev and then wasp start should give you a working app with username authentication. If you want to put some of the pages behind authentication, read the auth overview docs.

Using multiple auth identities for a single user

Wasp currently doesn't support multiple auth identities for a single user. This means, for example, that a user can't have both an email-based auth identity and a Google-based auth identity. This is something we will add in the future with the introduction of the account merging feature.

Account merging means that multiple auth identities can be merged into a single user account. For example, a user's email and Google identity can be merged into a single user account. Then the user can log in with either their email or Google account and they will be logged into the same account.

Customizing the Auth Flow

The login and signup flows are pretty standard: they allow the user to sign up and then log in with their username and password. The signup flow validates the username and password and then creates a new user entity in the database.

Read more about the default username and password validation rules in the auth overview docs.

If you require more control in your authentication flow, you can achieve that in the following ways:

  1. Create your UI and use signup and login actions.
  2. Create your custom sign-up action which uses the lower-level API, along with your custom code.

1. Using the signup and login actions

login()

An action for logging in the user.

It takes two arguments:

  • username: string required

    Username of the user logging in.

  • password: string required

    Password of the user logging in.

You can use it like this:

src/pages/auth.jsx
import { login } from 'wasp/client/auth'

import { useState } from 'react'
import { useHistory, Link } from 'react-router-dom'

export function LoginPage() {
const [username, setUsername] = useState('')
const [password, setPassword] = useState('')
const [error, setError] = useState(null)
const history = useHistory()

async function handleSubmit(event) {
event.preventDefault()
try {
await login(username, password)
history.push('/')
} catch (error) {
setError(error)
}
}

return (
<form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
{/* ... */}
</form>
);
}
note

When using the exposed login() function, make sure to implement your redirect on success login logic (e.g. redirecting to home).

signup()

An action for signing up the user. This action does not log in the user, you still need to call login().

It takes one argument:

  • userFields: object required

    It has the following fields:

    • username: string required

    • password: string required

    info

    By default, Wasp will only save the username and password fields. If you want to add extra fields to your signup process, read about defining extra signup fields.

You can use it like this:

src/pages/auth.jsx
import { signup, login } from 'wasp/client/auth'

import { useState } from 'react'
import { useHistory } from 'react-router-dom'
import { Link } from 'react-router-dom'

export function Signup() {
const [username, setUsername] = useState('')
const [password, setPassword] = useState('')
const [error, setError] = useState(null)
const history = useHistory()

async function handleSubmit(event) {
event.preventDefault()
try {
await signup({
username,
password,
})
await login(username, password)
history.push("/")
} catch (error) {
setError(error)
}
}

return (
<form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
{/* ... */}
</form>
);
}

2. Creating your custom sign-up action

The code of your custom sign-up action can look like this:

main.wasp
// ...

action customSignup {
fn: import { signup } from "@src/auth/signup.js",
}
src/auth/signup.js
import {
ensurePasswordIsPresent,
ensureValidPassword,
ensureValidUsername,
createProviderId,
sanitizeAndSerializeProviderData,
createUser,
} from 'wasp/server/auth'

export const signup = async (args, _context) => {
ensureValidUsername(args)
ensurePasswordIsPresent(args)
ensureValidPassword(args)

try {
const providerId = createProviderId('username', args.username)
const providerData = await sanitizeAndSerializeProviderData({
hashedPassword: args.password,
})

await createUser(
providerId,
providerData,
// Any additional data you want to store on the User entity
{},
)
} catch (e) {
return {
success: false,
message: e.message,
}
}

// Your custom code after sign-up.
// ...

return {
success: true,
message: 'User created successfully',
}
}

We suggest using the built-in field validators for your authentication flow. You can import them from wasp/server/auth. These are the same validators that Wasp uses internally for the default authentication flow.

Username

  • ensureValidUsername(args)

    Checks if the username is valid and throws an error if it's not. Read more about the validation rules here.

Password

  • ensurePasswordIsPresent(args)

    Checks if the password is present and throws an error if it's not.

  • ensureValidPassword(args)

    Checks if the password is valid and throws an error if it's not. Read more about the validation rules here.

Using Auth

To read more about how to set up the logout button and how to get access to the logged-in user in our client and server code, read the auth overview docs.

getUsername

If you are looking to access the user's username in your code, you can do that by accessing the info about the user that is stored in the user.auth.identities array.

To make things a bit easier for you, Wasp offers the getUsername helper.

The getUsername helper returns the user's username or null if the user doesn't have a username auth identity.

src/MainPage.jsx
import { getUsername } from 'wasp/auth'

const MainPage = ({ user }) => {
const username = getUsername(user)
// ...
}
src/tasks.js
import { getUsername } from 'wasp/auth'

export const createTask = async (args, context) => {
const username = getUsername(context.user)
// ...
}

API Reference

userEntity fields

main.wasp
app myApp {
wasp: {
version: "^0.13.0"
},
title: "My App",
auth: {
userEntity: User,
methods: {
usernameAndPassword: {},
},
onAuthFailedRedirectTo: "/login"
}
}

entity User {=psl
id Int @id @default(autoincrement())
psl=}

The user entity needs to have the following fields:

  • id required

    It can be of any type, but it needs to be marked with @id

You can add any other fields you want to the user entity. Make sure to also define them in the userSignupFields field if they need to be set during the sign-up process.

Fields in the usernameAndPassword dict

main.wasp
app myApp {
wasp: {
version: "^0.13.0"
},
title: "My App",
auth: {
userEntity: User,
methods: {
usernameAndPassword: {
userSignupFields: import { userSignupFields } from "@src/auth/email.js",
},
},
onAuthFailedRedirectTo: "/login"
}
}
// ...

userSignupFields: ExtImport

userSignupFields defines all the extra fields that need to be set on the User during the sign-up process. For example, if you have address and phone fields on your User entity, you can set them by defining the userSignupFields like this:

src/auth.js
import { defineUserSignupFields } from 'wasp/server/auth'

export const userSignupFields = defineUserSignupFields({
address: (data) => {
if (!data.address) {
throw new Error('Address is required')
}
return data.address
}
phone: (data) => data.phone,
})
Read more about the `userSignupFields` function [here](./overview#1-defining-extra-fields).